An Explanation of Interventional Cardiology
Within the field of cardiology is interventional cardiology. Doctors in this practice focus on the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of heart conditions. If you are looking for relief from your heart ailments but want to avoid invasive surgery, an interventional cardiologist could be the right answer. Talk to your doctor today about your goals and whether you are a good candidate.
Factors that lead to heart problems
An unhealthy cardiovascular system can shorten a person’s life span. This disease is the country’s No. 1 killer. Without proper treatment, the disease can hamper a person’s quality of life. Smoking and a poor diet are two of the most common causes of the condition. Other contributors include weight gain, lack of exercise and excessive stress. A person’s age and family history can also play a role in the developing of heart issues.
What the doctor does
In interventional cardiology, doctors identify and treat heart problems. Unlike cardiologists, interventional cardiologists do not use highly invasive means to correct dysfunctions and abnormalities. Instead of performing bypass surgery, transplants and other operations, the doctor uses a catheter to detect the cause of the condition. The doctor will use the information from catheter-based tests and studies to do appropriate treatments.
Interventional cardiology addresses multiple issues
Plaque buildup in the artery walls is one of the causes of heart troubles. This can occur due to a diet high in fried foods and other foods high in cholesterol. Blockages can develop, which restrict blood flow. Clots may form, which can cause heart attacks.
To solve these problems, the doctor may do an angioplasty. In this procedure, the doctor will insert a narrow tube into the artery of a patient, usually through an arm or leg. A catheter helps widen the arteries to promote more effective blood flow. The doctor may also perform a procedure to remove the plaque from the arteries using a burr on the end of a catheter.
Identifies the concern and how to handle it
Other techniques in interventional cardiology show the doctor why the heart condition exists. These may also reveal where a problem is present and how to control the effects. Heart arrhythmia is another common heart ailment that people encounter. This may manifest itself with a fluttering sensation. Some patients experience other irregularities such as a rapid heartbeat or palpitations.
Using a catheter and dye, the doctor will slow and speed up the heart. The doctor then will inject medication into the patient. This allows the physician to see what medications are most effective at regulating the heartbeat and blood flow. This procedure and others in the department occur at the hospital. Patients can ordinarily leave the hospital on the same day as the appointment.
The right approach
It is difficult to deal with heart disease, heart arrhythmia or other impairments of the heart. Yet, you have options to overcome these abnormalities. Talk to your doctor today about your heart health. It may make sense to go to the interventional cardiology department at the hospital. The staff can diagnose and treat your condition without massively invasive procedures.
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